Literature Review

Butler, D. (2009, April). The Textbook of the future. Nature Publishing Group458, 568-570. Retrieved July 1, 2010

Butler examines the experimentation of two universities when they decide to go with the e-textbook for two semesters with plans to be a completely e-text campus in 5 years.  At both, NorthWest Missouri State University and University of Texas at Austin students usually predominately e-textbooks were disappointed with the use of textbooks for studying, classes, and note taking.

Letts, M. (2001, April 2). E-Textbooks Test Emerging Platforms. The Seybold Report,1, 25. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from MasterFILE Premier database

This article explains the debut of e-text and how print gets digitized into textbooks volume by volume.  Researchers believe the students’ laptop is standing in the way of the e-textbook taking off.  The student has everything they need in the laptop and more.  The e-textbook will have to first be competition to the computer to be able to take over where print books left off.

(2001, May 21). E-Textbooks from Rovia. Publishers Weekly, Retrieved July 1, 2010, from MasterFILE Premier database

Rovia is a digital rights management and online distribution company founded by Andres Nannetti and Pedro Zayas both MIT graduates.  In January of 2000, the company protects publishers from the “sharing” of their content by disabling roundabout ways of stealing authors works.  This company proposed e-books for rent rather than purchasing rights.

Young, J. (2009, June 12). 6 Lessons One Campus Learned About E-Textbooks.Chronicle of Higher Education55, A18. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from MasterFILE Premier database

This article proposes another view of the expiriemental e-book program at Northwest Missouri State University.  It describes the differences found through pros and cons with both the Amazon Kindle and the Sony E-reader.  The students in this article describe their thoughts and opinions through their two semester trial of using the e-textbook for everyday class and studying.

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Pratt SILS/UCL London

London Journal June 14th-June 25th, 2010

Disclaimer: Please bear with me as I reiterate my jet-lagged notes.

Monday, June 14th, 2010

Henry Morley building UCL at 9:00 a.m. – I arrived promptly to meet Andy Dawson and Anthony Watkinson. While drinking coffee and enjoying refreshments we reviewed the course plans. After discussing admission and orientation procedures we began a tour of the UCL campus and stopped off to get student ID cards.

Rockefeller Building UCL at 11:00 a.m. – The class met Dr. Ian Rowlands who is the Reader in the Department of Information Studies and Director of Research for CIBER/ Centre for Publishing. Dr. Rowlands lectured on the Virtual Scholar research programme of Ciber and the other findings of his group.

CIBER is information behavior through electronic books and libraries. The last ten years have proved many changes and one huge change concerning e-books is that journal content has become public and is searchable online. CIBER defines what reading means in a digital world and that means; ipads, Kindles and iphone. Dr. Rowland brought up a great question to ponder, are we reading the same way we would in the print library or has something changed? Are we more prone to skim as opposed to reading print cover to print back cover of books? CIBER is working to understand online behavior and spot trends in scientific reading. Academic journals are supporting strategic reading. CIBER analysts work to decipher the trail we web browsers leave on the server by deep log analyzing users behaviors through their strengths and weaknesses of DLA. Dr. Rowland tells us what they have uncovered about information seeking behavior. He explains horizontal information seeking, skimming, viewing 1-2 pages of an online source. In navigation, users are more likely to power browse and by this he means, lots of rapid clicking and squirreling like behavior. Book marking, cutting and pasting checking and cross checking pages for hours at a time. The difficulty of determining usage of website and frequency by which a sit is used is difficult. If the website receives 150 hits, which ones are relevant? How many of those hits were purposefully sought out? How many relevant documents did the user retrieve from the database?

Later we returned after lunch for a discussion of course expectations and requirements with Anthony Watkinson. We then had the opportunity to venture out into the streets of London and begin exploring.

In the evening we returned to UCL’s Henry Morley building for a welcome reception for the class and a chance to meet and network with other UCL professors and students of the Publishing school.

Tuesday, June 15th, 2010

Rockefeller building UCL at 9:30 – We met with Andy Dawson to discuss problems and questions regarding the course outline.

Dr. Claire Warwick the Director of Digital Humanities Centre and members of her group described the digital context of research and education in the humanities. Dr. Warwick unveiled some of the projects that the company is heading.

Kathryn Piquette taught the class the project she is currently consumed with.

Wednesday, June 16th, 2010

Rockefeller building UCL at 9:00 a.m. – awaiting a visit from Ruth Jones at Ingram Digital. Ingram being one of the biggest e-book providers, Ruth Jones described how they became that way, and what direction she believed the e-book market is going in. Ruth was fascinating and engaging asking the students who has a smart phone and what you use it for. She wasn’t surprised to hear that a few of us use the Kindle app for iphone to read books on the go.

Ruth explained that publishers are searching for a single digital content solution. Web 2.0 introduces new ways to drive content discovery and sales online. Libraries worldwide are looking to expand without expanding their physical footprint. Consumers expect content to be always available and that is a tall order for libraries to fill digitally.

Later on, we heard from Alison Jones whom is the director of digital development at Palgrave Macmillian. She spoke about creating and maintaining a list of e-books from a major humanities and social science publisher.

After lunch we took a visit to Sage Publishers with Anthony. Martha Sedgewick gave us a tour of the modern workspace and her and her colleagues gave us a flavor for what it is Sage publishes, including e-resources in the subject area of social science as well as research methods online.

Sage loves e-books because:

  • Online products
  • Research methods and education
  • search-ablility
  • Discoverability
  • Space saving
  • Freedom to learn wherever
  • Spontaneous purchases

Thursday, June 17th, 2010

Bakers Street tube stop to Oxford bus station at 9 a.m. – The class went to the Oxford University Press Publishing company.

Here, we heard presentation from Robert Faber who is the Editorial Director, Scholarly General Reference, and Annabel Coles, Marketing Manager, online products. Robert Faber spoke in reference to putting scholarships online- the challenges that occur while publishing major works.

OED vs. ODNB; OED has none of the same scales and a lot of free dictionaries. The OED is available in print, CD-Rom, online, and magnetic tape. It has two main components which is the gathering of evidence and writing of evidence.

We toured the fabulous museum of the Oxford University Press with the very entertaining and theatrical Martin Maw. He gave a very detailed and riveting tour of everything from the first printing press to the very first edition of the OED.

We ate lunch at the Eagle and Child Pub which was a legendary pub known to serve the likes of Tolkien and Lewis to name a few. I remember I ate a delicious butternut squash pie and drank a refreshing Cider.

After lunch we toured the Bodleian Library with our fearless leader Bill Clennell. Mr. Clennell gave an interesting history of the quaint historic library.

Following the library we toured the New College and then had the option to visit the Ashmolean Museum which we did. The Ashmolean had exquisite exhibits but the one that sticks out most in my mind was the collection of ancient woodwind instruments we viewed on our way out. Also they were selling gelato outside of the museum on a cart, which I thought was really a nice touch.

Friday, June 18th, 2010

Rockefeller building UCL at 9 a.m. -On Friday Tula led us around London on a cultural day.

We started out the day at the Tate Modern and then took the boat across the Thames River to the Tate British (or maybe vice versa) I have never been in a more exquisite museum before in my life. I thoroughly enjoyed my day there at both extensions of the museum. It was nice to have an informal day of learning in the field rather than the classroom. A change of setting really helped me to appreciate all the things we were learning in class. We literally spent hours and hours there and probably did not even see half the collection of even make a dent for that matter. I wished I could have gone back the next day to pick up where I left off the day before! To visually experience the collection of art each these museums was like nothing else. Lunch in their café wasn’t half bad either.

Saturday, June 19th, 2010

I went to Paris; France visited the Louvre and ate chocolate crepes, expensive cheeses, and sipped fine wine.

Sunday, June 20th, 2010

I slept.

Monday, June, 21st, 2010

Rockefeller building UCL at 9:30 a.m. – Caren Milloy Project Manager for JISC collections gave us a presentation of the work JISC collections handles in particular e-books. Caren Milloy discussed patron driven acquisition and open access to monograph publishing in humanities and social sciences.

Around 11:30 the class the met Dr. Vanessa Lafaye who works for Wiley Blackwell which is the publisher of Compass group of Journals. Vanessa’s lecture touched on the relationship between humanities and helping scholarly communications by taking advantage of the potential in digital environments.

Wiley Blackwell handles:

  • Original peer reviewed articles
  • Database of reference chapters
  • New book notices
  • Short book reviews

Subjects covered:

  • History 2006
  • Literature 2006
  • Philosophy 2006
  • Religion 2007
  • Language & Linguistics 2007
  • Geography 2008
  • Sociology 2008
  • Social & Personality Psychology 2008

Basics of the Journals:

  • Online Only
  • Specially commissioned
  • Peer Reviewed
  • 100+ new articles per year
  • Articles published continuously
  • No direct competition labor intensive
  • Titles available singly or in packages

Anthony Watkinson presents on e-presses and the development of university presses run by libraries.

Anthony tells us that generally libraries give advice on copy write models. Librarians and Publishers or university presses have little to do with libraries.

Tuesday, June 22nd, 2010

Albany Street tub station to take a minibus driven by Andy Dawson to Cambridge.

ProQuest- 10:30 a.m. – The class met with Hugh Tomlinson and saw a presentation of the ProQuest staff concerning the Chadwyck-Heley component of ProQuest. Also included in the presentation was a focus on digitization/arts and humanities an aggregation of developments at ProQuest session and discussion of social networking.

In 1938 microfilm moved to electronic. E-content collections were published including eBooks reference and multimedia content, aggregate journals, publishing programs, historical collections, early English books online and periodical archive online. The 1892 to present day archives of Vogue magazine are being digitized by ProQuest who is currently working with Conde’ Nast in NYC to make those back issues available digitally online.

ProQuest is working on a new platform project because costumers want all ProQuest products on one single platform. They are uniquely positioned to deliver the best search and discovery service in the industry. The high focus of user experience helps ProQuest see the importance of encompassing everything users want in an all inclusive new platform.

We then took the minibus to the Cambridge historic centre and visited the Fitzwilliam Museum.

Afterwards we visited Pembroke College Library and met with the librarian there, Patricia Aske. We took a tour of the historic college.

Wednesday, June 23rd, 2010

Rockefeller – met Andy Dawson to take a tour of the Office of Public Sector Information. The National Archives presentation was given by Alan Pawsey who holds the position of the Head of Publishing Services on e-government.

The National Archives are her Majesty’s stationery Office (HMSO) and the Office of the Public Sector which is now operating as part of the National Archives. The National Archives are responsible for managing crown copyright, parliamentary copyrights, UK lead on PSI regulations, Information fair trader scheme, Secretariat for Advisory Panel on Public Sector Information, and manages information asset register. They do all publishing for official gazettes and UK legislation, while managing the library access scheme. This means the material they cover includes; legislation acts of parliament, statutory instruments, government reports and publications, departmental circulars, command papers, research reports, mapping, national; statistics and census materials, passports, driving licenses, birth certificates, software, and databases.

Thursday, June 24th, 2010

Bloomsbury Conference – The 4th annual Bloomsbury Conference was an information overload! I enjoyed every minute of the conference, from the refreshments and networking to the speaker panels at the close of each segment. Anthony and Andy were excellent at staying on topic and keeping track of the time. The speakers were all so brilliant and fascinating. The area that each person covered was different from the next; it was in a way a science/publishing/eBook/content copyright mash up.

The panels prime concern and area of interest was to reiterate the fact that librarians as in somewhat of a rush to digitize their collections of old rare books. This is an issue we as the future of libraries and librarians will soon face. The reality of this is becoming truer each and every day. It is a real concern for librarians, publishing companies, and the artists/authors of the works.

Friday, June 25th, 2010

Bloomsbury Conference and Annual Spaghetti House Dinner

Today I felt that perhaps the conference would flow smoother had it been spread out to several days or perhaps an entire week rather than 48 short hours of intellectual conversation. The speakers seemed like they felt rushed and possibly couldn’t say everything they wanted to cover in their presentations. It was fabulous to meet Anthony’s son who, by the way, is a spitting image of his father.

After the conference we met at the Spaghetti House for a class dinner and wonderful end to a truly enriching course. It was a nice way to engage everyone in the course for one last time sharing a meal (and a whole lot of wine) together. I felt a real sense of bonding with my classmates as well as with the course instructors. Andy and Anthony both invited us to contact them at any point after the course with questions or comments and when in “town” to look them up for a drink. It was comforting know if I ever need their insight into anything I can call on them, and feel comfortable doing so.

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